It’s rare that we stop and reflect on the sheer horror of life just 100 years ago before antibiotics, vaccines and sterile technique were commonplace. In those days, every meal was a game of Russian roulette with E.Coli and every sniffle from a child could spell their imminent demise. The 20th century has been a relatively safe haven from pathogens, but that might all come to an end soon, as drug-resistant diseases become more and more common, thanks to our misuse of medicine.
Over the years, multiple attempts have been made to eradicate Malaria, a disease responsible for millions of deaths. All attempts to date have failed, and malaria still affects an estimated 200 million people each year. This disease is becoming alarmingly adept at developing resistance to whatever drugs are thrown at it. Why is this, and why can all the drug resistant strains of malaria be traced back to the same point of origin – remote jungle regions of western Cambodia?